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Nonclassical correlation of polarization-entangled photons in a biexciton-exciton cascade

Das, Sumanta
Agarwal, G. S.
We develop a theoretical model to study the intensity–intensity correlation of polarization-entangled photons emitted in a biexciton–exciton cascade. We calculate the degree of correlation and show how polarization correlations are affected by the presence of dephasing and energy-level splitting of the excitonic states. Our theoretical calculations are in agreement with the recent observation of polarization-dependent intensity–intensity correlations from a single semiconductor quantum dot (Stevenson et al 2006 Nature 439 179). Our model can be extended to study polarization-entangled photon emission in coupled quantum dot systems.