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Factors associated with growth in daily smoking among Indigenous adolescents

Whitlock, L. B.
Sittner Hartshorn, K. J.
Mcquillan, J.
Crawford, D. M.
North American Indigenous adolescents smoke earlier, smoke more, and are more likely to become regular smokers as adults than youth from any other ethnic group, yet we know very little about their early smoking trajectories. We use multilevel growth modeling across five waves of data from Indigenous adolescents (aged 10-13 years at Wave 1) to investigate factors associated with becoming a daily smoker. Several factors, including number of peers who smoked at Wave 1 and meeting diagnostic criteria for major depressive episode and conduct disorder, were associated with early daily smoking. Only age and increases in the number of smoking peers were associated with increased odds of becoming a daily smoker. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2012 Society for Research on Adolescence.