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Ecological and genetic analysis of copper and streptomycin resistance in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae

Sundin, G. W.
Bender, C. L.
Strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae resistant to copper, streptomycin, or both compounds were recovered from symptomless and diseased tissue of four woody hosts in three nurseries in Oklahoma. In strains resistant to copper and streptomycin (Cu^r Sm^r), resistance to both compounds was cotransferred with a single plasmid which was either 68, 190, or 220 kilobase pairs (kb). All Cu^s Sm^r strains contained a 68-kb conjugative plasmid. Cu^r Sm^s, strains contained one plasmid which varied in size from 60 to 73 kb. All conjugative plasmids which transferred streptomycin resistance contained sequences homologous to the strA and strB Sm^r genes from the broad-host-range plasmid RSF1010. The Sm^r determinant was subsequently cloned from a 68-kb Cu^r Sm^r plasmid designated pPSR1. A restriction map detailing the organization of the homologous Sm^r genes from pPSR1 and RSF1010 and cloned Sm^r genes from P. syringae pv. papulans and Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria revealed the conservation of all sites studied. The Cu^r genes cloned from P. syringae pv. tomato PT23 and X. campestris pv. vesicatoria XV10 did not hybridize to the Cu^r plasmids identified in the present study, indicating that copper resistance in these P. syringae pv. syringae strains may be conferred by a distinct genetic determinant.